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Evolution of Crystal Chandelier Lighting

Crystalchandeliers establish atmosphere in building interiors.
This fact holdstrue today as it did a thousand years ago.
People started ornamentingtheir light sources with crystals from very early on.
Initially, crystalsare installed on lighting elements for primarily practical reasons.
Crystals possess a high degree of reflection and refraction, which gavethem a high optical capability of scattering light to a wider area insidea room.
But it did not take long before crystals had evolved into anessential ornamental component--the birth of crystal chandeliers.
Eachhistorical era has contributed a unique rationale or perspective behindthe design concepts of the crystal chandeliers that we witness today.
Chineseculture was perhaps one of the oldest, if not the oldest, in human history.
Crystal chandelier designs in this era are classified as "Orientalstyle.
" Original forms of this style of crystal chandeliers can betraced back to the year 1150 A.
D.
, which provided a large intensityof inspiration to European designers.
An Oriental style chandelier ischaracterized by flamboyant built lavished with extravagant fringes.
TheRenaissance era contributed the "rebirth" of ancient Roman architecturalconcepts, which sprouted from Florence in Italy in 1400's.
Notableexamples of Renaissance crystal chandeliers can be seen today at St.
Peter's Basilica in Rome and the Doges' palace in Venice.
Originalrenaissance-style chandelier designs initiated the use of "crystalcandles with replicas of buds and curving arms.
" Theyear 1600 marked the beginning of the Baroque era.
Famous painters thatemerged during the Baroque period include Rubens and Rembrandt.
Baroquearchitecture is distinctively expansive, attempting to open up spaceto infinity.
The Baroque designs are derived from the richness thatflourished during the Baroque epoch.
These expansive ephemeral conceptsdeveloped during the Baroque resonate through time and is probably thereason that it still has a commanding influence on modern day designsof crystal chandeliers and lighting fixtures.
TheRegency epoch is the name given to a brief period between 1800 and 1830that witnessed the rise of the Bourgeoisie or the "middle class"in Europe.
Regency chandeliers are exhibited in middle-class salons,demonstrating the power of the budding Bourgeoisie class.
Regency chandelierdesigns feature ostentatious and massive, and fragile linear ensemblesas well.
TheVictorian epoch prospered in England from 1840 to 1870, a period whenEurope was engaged in historicism.
Victorian crystal chandeliers arecharacteristically heavy, and have illuminated the most magnificenthouses of the world.
Developedin central Europe at the turn of the century, Art Nouveau produced theexhibition pavilion fro the Viennese Succession as well as the Metroentrances that align on underground passage to Paris.
Art Nouveau crystalchandeliers are distinguished by the consistent use of floral ornaments.
Theperiod of Modernism emphasize reason and abstraction as the primaryvalues in Modern Art.
The influence of this period is manifest in linearand functional architectural designs that persist until the present.
Two of the founding institutions of Modernism, Gropius and Kandinsky,have established the prevalent concepts of today's crystal chandelierdesigns.

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